Wisdom of Fasting the 9th & 10th of Muharram

16 01 2008

It is mustahabb [recommended] to fast both the ninth and the tenth, because the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) fasted the tenth and intended to fast the ninth. [Al-Shaafa’i and his companions, Ahmad, Ishaaq and others]

If one were to ask, what is the wisdom behind fasting the ninth as well as the tenth?

The answer is:

Al-Nawawi (may Allaah have mercy on him) said: The scholars among our companions and others said that there are several reasons for recommending fasting on the ninth day (Tasoo’a’):

1 – The intention behind it is to be different from the Jews who limit their fasting to the tenth day. This was narrated from Ibn ‘Abbaas.

2 – The intention was to join the fast of ‘Ashoora’ to another day, just as it is not allowed to fast on a Friday on its own [but it is allowed if one fasts the day before or the day after as well].

3 – The idea is to be on the safe side and make sure one is fasting on the tenth, in case the moon sighting was not accurate and what people think is the ninth is actually the tenth.

The strongest of these reasons is in order to be different from the People of the Book. Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah said: The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) forbade resembling the People of the Book in many ahaadeeth. For example, he said concerning ‘Ashoora’: “If I live until next year I will certainly fast the ninth.” Al-Fataawa al-Kubra, part 6.

Ibn Hajar (may Allaah have mercy on him) said, commenting on the hadeeth “If I live until next year I will certainly fast the ninth”:

His concern to fast the ninth may be understood as meaning that he would not limit himself to that, rather that he would add it to the tenth, either to be on the safe side, or to be different from the Jews and Christians, which is more likely to be correct; this is what may be understood from some of the reports narrated by Muslim.” [From Fath al-Baari, 4/245.]

Source: Islam Q&A


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6 responses

16 01 2008
admin

A’Salaamualaikum.

InshaaAllah the day of ‘Ashoora’ is on Friday (18th Jan 2008), those who intend to fast should fast an additional day, either Thursday (Jan 17th) or Saturday (Jan 19th) – in order to avoid singling out the Friday for fasting.

may Allah accept from us and you.

JQ Team

5 01 2009
Amina

ASA,

Great idea, but I thought 9th, 10th of Muharram was right now. Didn’t Muharram start BEFORE the New Year of the Gregorian calendar?

6 01 2009
admin

Wslam,

The above comment was from last year (2008).

7 01 2009
Nurudeen

Good point Amina.If Muharram started before the new year ( 28th or 29th Dec,2008 ) the 9th & 10th of muharram will be either ( 5th; 6th Jan,09 or 6th & 7th Jan,2009 ).

Kindly explain…

Ma sallam

7 01 2009
Nurudeen

sorry…i did nt see the comment from the admin above.In view of this, kindly assit with the actual dates of teh 9th & 10th Muharram in the Gregorian calendar.

Ma sallam

7 01 2009
admin

No problem Nurudeen,

We’ve been adviced that the 10th of Muharram is today, Wed 7th of Jan 2009 – Although some masaajid said yesterday also. Allahu ‘Alam.

may Allah accept our Siyaam, Ibadaah and our ‘Amal in general, and may we supplicate to Allah from the depths of our hearts for His Guidance, Mercy and Forgiveness upon our Ummah.. ameen

JazakumAllahu Khair, thanks for all your support.

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