Surah al-Faatihah Comprises the Meaning of the Entire Qur`aan

27 12 2007

Abu Hurayrah (radiAllahu ‘anhu) narrated that the Messenger of Allaah (sallaAllahu aleyhi wasalam) said,

Allaah, the Glorious and Exalted said, “I have divided the prayer between Myself and my servant equally and My servant shall be granted what he asked for.” Therefore when the servant says, ‘all praises and thanks are due to Allaah, the Lord of the universe’, Allaah says, ‘My servant has praised Me.’ When he says, ‘the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful,’ Allaah says, ‘My servant has extolled Me.’ When he says, ‘Master of the Day of Judgement,’ Allaah says, ‘My servant has glorified Me.’ When he says, ‘You Alone we worship and Your aid Alone do we seek,’ Allaah says, ‘this is between Me and My servant and My servant shall have what he requested.’ When he says, ‘guide us to the Straight Path, the Path of those whom You have favoured, not of those who have incurred [Your] wrath, neither of those who have gone astray,’ Allaah says, ‘this is for My servant and My servant shall have what he asked for.’ [Saheeh Muslim [1/215 no. 775]]

Al-Faatihah is named the Mother of the Qur`aan because it succinctly summarises the whole of the Qur`aan. We are now in a position to analyse this statement further.

The Surah includes affirmation of Tawheed in all of its various categories,

  1. Tawheed ar-Rububiyyah, meaning unity of Allaah’s Lordship, contained in His saying, “Lord of the Universe.”
  2. Tawheed al-Uluhiyyah, meaning unity of Allaah’s worship in that all worship is to be done sincerely for His sake Alone, contained in His saying, “You Alone we worship and Your aid Alone we seek.”
  3. Tawheed al-Asmaa was Sifaat, meaning the unity of Allaah’s Names and Attributes in that they are perfect and unique to Him, contained in His saying, “all praise and thanks are due to Allaah.”

It teaches us to praise and glorify Allaah by mentioning His beautiful and perfect Names and Attributes.

It teaches us about His Mercy and His Justice.

It teaches us about the Day of Judgement and about the recompense of our deeds.

It teaches us that the recompense will be established upon perfect justice.

It encourages one to perform righteous actions and dissuades one from performing sins.

It teaches the servants of Allaah to ask of Him Alone, to humble themselves and worship Him Alone and to put their trust and reliance in Him Alone.

It teaches us to ask Allaah continuously for guidance to the Straight Path.

It points us towards the nations of the past and warns us against falling into the same acts of transgression and misguidance that they were guilty of.

It teaches us to aspire to the company of the sincerely truthful, the martyrs and the righteous.

It teaches that there is nothing in the Qur`aan that would give aid to or encourage innovation. Hence never will the innovator be able to find evidence for his misguidance in the Qur`aan.

Emotional Recitation of Surat Al-Faatihah:

Tasfeer of the Surat al Shifaa (Cure): http://www.sunnahonline.com/ilm/quran/0018.htm#17

 


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